Gaming Math Design & Analysis

  • Game Model Development - For any game idea or actualized game, we can provide tools and analysis on game play characteristics. For reel games, we can provide alternate reel symbol layouts and weightings, sometimes combined with paytable variations, in order to improve popularity with your players.
  • Bankroll Duration / Player Matching - This innovative approach to slot game selection relies upon player action to help identify the best games for that player. Initial player bankroll and subsequent play session duration history can help estimate a player's preferred game pay characteristics.
  • Volatility / Actual Hold Limits - From a casino operator's point of view, volatility represents short-term risk that actual holds will vary from expected, and can illuminate the number of play sessions required before a given hold stabilizes. These same data are helpful in determining if a given game is under holding for systematic reasons (e.g. game flaw, RNG flaw, fraud.)

    From a player's point of view, volatility somewhat expresses the payout distribution. Simply put, low volatility games have relatively frequent small awards and very rare larger ones. High volatility games sacrifice low end pays for more frequent medium and medium-high awards.
  • Hit Frequency / Distribution - the distribution of awards -- award size and type (regular, multiplier, bonus), is one of the most critical aspects to a game's success for a given denomination and player type. For games with little control over such characteristics (like many card games) these data can be used for selecting appropriate paytable values and / or for estimating a new game's acceptance and target market.
  • Payback - The expected hold for a game is probably the single most important metric. In addition to the standard min coin / max coin calculations, we can handle the special regulatory requirements for bonuses and free play awards. For games with accumulating bonuses, we provide a payback spectrum for the varying award paths.

    Unlike many manufacturers, we have the drive and capability for creating exact, analytic solutions for complex games of skill. This allows us to avoid having to rely solely upon simulation for determining expected holds. You don't want your simulation to be your single point of failure -- yielding problems which can only be found after you go live with a new game. Finally, we are able to apply heuristic strategy rules (usually sub-optimal) to determine the expected payback for players who follow such strategies.
  • Reel Strip Order / Near Miss Analysis - How a player misses is almost as important as how he / she wins. Reel strip symbol order and relative weighting are the control levers for the art of reel design. One needs to find an experienced balance between overly frequent near-miss outcomes ("another tease - the game is rigged!") and too infrequent ("nothing's happening here"). Proper reel strip symbol ordering can give a game a sense of expansive possibilities instead of looking like it's stuck in a rut with the same losing outcomes occurring repeatedly.

Please see the Testing section for testing related math gamingServices.